Endometrioma: doctor's hands
What is Endometrioma? Endometrioma is a condition where endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus. It is ‘trapped’ in the pelvic area and lower tummy (abdomen) and, rarely, in other areas in the body. Ovarian endometriomas are sometimes called “chocolate cysts.”

What Causes Endometrioma Symptoms?

Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus. It is ‘trapped’ in the pelvic area and lower tummy (abdomen) and, rarely, in other areas in the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Endometrioma

  • Painful periods
  • Painful sex
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic area or pain in legs
  • Other menstrual symptoms may occur
  • Difficulty becoming pregnant (reduced fertility)
Endometriosis/endometrioma can occur in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder and more. With some women, endometrioma symptoms include constipation, pain in the legs and headaches. If you’re older, there’s some good news: symptoms of endometriosis after menopause are typically less severe, since estrogen fuels the growth of endometriosis, and dwindling estrogen levels at menopause should decrease the symptoms.

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