Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives.
What Are Ovaries?
The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. They have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, that trigger menstruation, and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization.
What Are Functional Ovarian Cysts?
A functional ovarian cyst is a sac that forms on the surface of a woman’s ovary during or after ovulation. Functional ovarian cysts are benign and typically disappear after a combination of hormonal treatments such as birth control, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues, or oral contraceptives. You would not need surgery to treat the benign growth unless it causes an abdominal mass.
What Is a Teratoma Dermoid Cyst?
A teratoma can be a type of tumor that contains different kinds of cells, usually from the layers which make up the embryo. They are surgically removed when they grow large enough to be uncomfortable or if they cause significant pressure on organs in the abdomen.
What is a Cystadenoma?
A cystadenoma is a benign tumor that occurs in the body’s endocrine system.
Cystadenomas are noncancerous tumors that are usually found in the part of your breast closest to your arm. They can also be found in other areas of the body where there are cysts, such as the stomach, liver, or ovaries.
What Is an Endometrioma?
An endometrioma is a growth that can form on the surface of the uterus as a result of endometriosis. In some cases, the ovary itself will be affected and ovarian cysts may form on its surface or within it.
What Is the Main Cause of Ovarian Cysts?
- Pressure on the cyst area
- Hormone fluctuations
- Physical activities
- Sex or during sex
- Everyday activities
- Constipation or straining
If you’re concerned you may have an ovarian cyst, schedule an appointment with your OB/GYN for a consultation.
What Are the Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?
Common symptoms of Ovarian Cysts Include:
- Painful intercourse
- Pelvic pain during/after period
- Thigh pain or lower back pain
- Tenderness in the breasts
- Vomiting or nausea
- Painful bowel movements
- Swollen/bloated abdomen
Are you experiencing these symptoms? Contact us for a consultation today.
What Is the Diagnosis of Ovarian Cyst?
- Pelvic Exam
- Pelvic Ultrasound or CT Scan
Blood Tests: There is a blood test called CA 125, which is a protein can be high in women who have ovarian cyst, cancer or endometriosis.
How Are Ovarian Cysts Treated?
The cyst may need to be removed if it is growing larger and is painful, twisted or causing other problems.
Ovarian Cysts Treatment Options Include:
- Monitoring the cyst(s) size or appearance.
- Surgical Procedure
What Size of Ovarian Cyst Require Surgery?
Most ovarian cysts in women are nothing to worry about. Typically, ovarian cysts are found when doing an ultrasound for another reason which means it’s important to have regular OB/GYN checkups just in case you do have one.
Only 5-10% of women develop large ovarian cysts that need surgical treatment or hospitalization.
Depending on the size of the cyst and if it’s causing symptoms, surgery may or may not be needed. There are many different factors that determine whether or not surgery is recommended. Factors include your age, whether you want children or not, and your family history. A cystectomy is then surgical removal of a cyst. When an entire ovary is removed, it is called an oophorectomy.
How Long Does It Take To Recover From a Cystectomy?
Minimally invasive surgery is performed using an instrument called a laparoscope. Recovery time is different for each individual but typically pain from a cystectomy may decrease after a few days.
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