Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives.

What are ovaries?

The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. They have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, that trigger menstruation and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization.


Most common that usually doesn’t cause symptoms and often go away without treatment.

Teratoma/Dermoid Cyst

This cyst contains different types of tissues that make up the body, including hair and skin. It is possible that the cysts have been around since birth and have grown during reproductive years.


Formed on the outer surface of the ovary growing very large but typically benign.


Forms because of Endometriosis.


  • Pressure on the cyst area
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Physical activities
  • Sex or during sex
  • Everyday activities
  • Pregnancy
  • Constipation or straining


  • Painful intercourse
  • Pelvic pain during/after period
  • Thigh pain or lower back pain
  • Tenderness in the breasts
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Swollen/bloated abdomen


  • Pelvic Exam
  • Pelvic Ultrasound or CT Scan
  • MRI Blood Tests: There is a blood test called CA 125, which is a protein can be high in women who have ovarian cyst, cancer or endometriosis.

Treatment Options

The cyst may need to be removed if it is growing larger and is painful, twisted or causing other problems.
  • Monitoring the cyst(s) size or appearance.
  • Surgical Procedure

Do I need surgery?

Depening on the size of the cyst and if it’s causing symptoms, surgery may or may not be needed. There are many different factors that determine whether or not surgery is recommended. Factors include your age, whether you want children or not and your family history. A cystecomy is then surgical removal of a cyst. When an entire ovary is removed, it is called an oophorectomy.

What can I expect from surgery?

Minimally invasive surgery is perfomed using an instrument called a laparoscope. Recovery time is different for each individual but typically pain from a cystecomy may decrease after a few days. To learn more, click on any of our additional resources for further reading:

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