What are ovaries?The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. They have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, that trigger menstruation and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization.
FunctionalMost common that usually doesn’t cause symptoms and often go away without treatment.
Teratoma/Dermoid CystThis cyst contains different types of tissues that make up the body, including hair and skin. It is possible that the cysts have been around since birth and have grown during reproductive years.
CystadenomaFormed on the outer surface of the ovary growing very large but typically benign.
EndometriomaForms because of Endometriosis.
- Pressure on the cyst area
- Hormone fluctuations
- Physical activities
- Sex or during sex
- Everyday activities
- Constipation or straining
- Painful intercourse
- Pelvic pain during/after period
- Thigh pain or lower back pain
- Tenderness in the breasts
- Vomiting or nausea
- Painful bowel movements
- Swollen/bloated abdomen
- Pelvic Exam
- Pelvic Ultrasound or CT Scan
- MRI Blood Tests: There is a blood test called CA 125, which is a protein can be high in women who have ovarian cyst, cancer or endometriosis.
Treatment OptionsThe cyst may need to be removed if it is growing larger and is painful, twisted or causing other problems.
- Monitoring the cyst(s) size or appearance.
- Surgical Procedure