What is a Yeast Infection?According to ACOG, a yeast infection (also known as, Candidiasis) is caused by an overgrowth of the fungus, Candida.
Who′s at risk of getting a vaginal yeast infection?Women of all ages, including young girls can get vaginal yeast infections. Almost all women will get a yeast infection at some point in their life as half of those will typically get two or more. It is rare to have a yeast infection before puberty and also after menopause but it is possible.
SymptomsSevere itching is a very common symptom. Other symptoms include:
- Burning, redness of the vulva and the vagina
- Pain during intercourse
- Painful urination
- A thick, white, odorless vaginal discharge
DiagnosisA pelvic exam will be performed by your OB/GYN to examine swelling and possible discharge. The discharge may be collected via a cotton swab for further analysis for the presence of Candida.
TreatmentTypical treatment for yeast infections is anti-fungal medicine. This medicine can be purchased over the counter at your local drug store. Treatment types: Creams, tablets, ointments or suppositories. If the yeast infection does not go away after using the over the counter medicine then your doctor may prescribe further treatment lasting up to 6 months.
How safe is over the counter treatment?Using over the counter yeast infection medication is safe but you should be advised from your provider. Why?
- What you may be suffering from may not even be a yeast infection.
- Using this medication cause cause your body to become resistant to the medicine.
- Some medication can increase your chance of becoming pregnant by weakening condoms and diaphragms.
*DO NOT take oral fluconazole to treat yeast infections during pregnancy because it may cause birth defects. However, it is safe to use vaginal creams or suppositories that contain both miconazole or clotrimazole.
Yeast infections can develop in your breast or on your nipple from breastfeeding. The same reason, overgrowth of Candida, causes a yeast infection (thrush) while breastfeeding but it is different. Sore nipples unrelated to breastfeeding, shiny, itchy, flaked or cracked nipples, blistered nipples, achy breasts and shooting breast pain during or after your feedings.
It is possible but the risk for transmitting to women is higher than men.
Some studies show that applying yogurt topically around and inside the vagina can help prevent yeast infections.
- Do not wear tight underwear, pantyhose, pants or jeans
- Wear underwear with cotton croch
- Change out of workout clothes asap
- Always wipe from the front to the back
- Avoid very hot baths and hot tubs
DO NOT USE:
- Scented feminine products
- Bubble bath
- Pads & Tampons